project of population education in pakistan

Critics, however, consider a uniform school system unrealistic, given the vast economic, linguistic, and religious disparities between Pakistan’s regions. Both public and private HEIs are authorized to operate by the federal or provincial governments based on the approval by the HEC, an autonomous agency set up in 2002. Moreover, Pakistan's economy is undergoing many economic and non-economic problems, including large increases in population and poverty, both of which continue to have a significant negative impact on the country's literacy rate. Pakistan is one of the most urbanized nations in South Asia with 36.4 percent of the urban population. The data of the UNESCO Institute Statistics often provides the most reliable point of reference for comparison since it is compiled according to one standard method. Accessed February 2017. It also coordinates education policies between jurisdictions. While Pakistan had a comparatively centralized system of government throughout much of its history, there has been a trend toward decentralization since the early 2000s, notably in education. WENR’s policy is not to favor any given source over any other, but to try and be transparent about what we are reporting, and to footnote numbers which may raise questions about discrepancies. In 2019, the overall pass rate in the SSC exams of the Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education was 84 percent, whereas the pass rate for the private Aga Khan University Examination Board was 96 percent with 46 percent of test takers achieving an overall grade of A or above. 2013. The Population Council has been conducting operations research in Pakistan since 1957 and established a permanent office in Islamabad in 1991. By grade six, only 41 percent of girls participate in education, compared with 51 percent of boys. Higher Education in Nigeria and the Emergence of Private Universities. Analysis of education system in Pakistan Global Corruption Report: Education. There is also a great deal of variety between age cohorts. However, children and adolescents living in Pakistan still face acute challenges. For example, science group students typically take chemistry, physics, and mathematics; those in the pre-medical group take biology, physics, and chemistry. A need is being felt for imparting factual knowledge about population dynamic, so that the younger generation may understand the nature and magnitude of the […] Pakistan’s health and education infrastructures are poorly funded, and experts have questioned the quality of what is being provided with existing budgets. Pakistan’s population is expected to surpass that of Indonesia in 2048 when it will reach 331.29 million. Increasing numbers of Pakistani students are interested in learning Chinese. Due to a high increase in the population, Pakistan is facing serious challenges like shortage of water, electricity, jobs infrastructure, public transportation, health, education law and order, and other social issues are prevailing in the society. According to the official guidelines, a minimum GPA of 2.0 is required to graduate from bachelor’s programs, whereas a GPA of 2.5 or higher is required in the case of graduate programs. Student mobility data from different sources such as UNESCO, the Institute of International Education, and the governments of various countries may be inconsistent, in some cases showing substantially different numbers of international students, whether inbound, or outbound, from or in particular countries. Variable. According to the Open Doors data of the Institute of International Education, Pakistan sent 7,957 students to the U.S. in 2018/19, an increase of 5.6 percent over the previous year, making it the 22nd most important sending country. Colleges may offer a range of more general programs in arts and sciences, whereas others are mono-specialized in disciplines like business administration, education, or engineering. A relatively new phenomenon is the establishment of a system of community colleges. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a culturally and linguistically diverse large South Asian country bordered by Afghanistan and Iran to the north and west, China to the northeast, India to the east and the Arabian Sea to the south. Further increases in student outflows from Pakistan are expected in the years ahead. Pakistan's government should make serious efforts to improve the country's literacy rate. Routledge. It should be noted, however, that China has emerged as a significant destination as well. Undergraduate medical education in underdeveloped countries: the case of Pakistan. This implies that 9 … Prestigious private institutions like Aga Khan University and the Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan’s first private universities, are among the country’s top institutions. Pakistan was created in the name of Islam and the emphasis which Holy Quran places on education is not found in the holy books of other religions. In a recent development, the MFEP announced that madrasah students will sit for federal board examinations and study the national curriculum by 2020 as part of the government’s drive to establish a uniform education system across Pakistan. The exam is graded on the 0-100 scale shown below. Credit hours are sometimes simply listed on academic transcripts without denoting whether the study was theoretical or practical. It remains the predominant language of instruction in private schools but has been increasingly replaced with Urdu in public schools. Nepal [Population education in countries of the region]. Enrollment ratios have remained largely stagnant in recent years. There are also a number of international, predominantly British, examination boards in Pakistan, such as Cambridge Assessment International Education. Six Pakistani institutions are among the top 1,000, with COMSATS the highest ranked (601–800). Access and quality of education is far behind of satisfactory level. However, the structure of higher education qualifications has undergone significant changes in recent years, transitioning to a four-year bachelor’s degree, followed by a one- to two-year master’s degree in line with global trends. In the 5-9 age group, 5 million children are not enrolled in schools and after primary-school age, the number of OOSC doubles, with 11.4 million adolescents between … Other estimates, based on a modified definition of urban settlements, suggest that the ratio of urban to rural population could be 40.5 percent and even higher. While research output has grown phenomenally in recent years, resulting in Pakistan now producing more academic journal publications in natural sciences than countries like Malaysia or Indonesia, the overall quality of the research is questioned by many observers. Even though the roughly 2 percent rate is now slowing, the country’s population is estimated to reach 403 million by 2050 (UN median range projection). Bachelor’s degree (four years, 124–136 credits) or a combined 16 years of education. 2014. Tertiary enrollments spiked from only 305,000 in 1990 to 1.9 million in 2018, according to UNESCO. The four provinces are Baluchistan, Punjab, Sindh, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which was until 2010 known as the North-West Frontier Province. In these fields, the Bachelor of Eastern Medicine and Surgery is awarded upon completion of a five-year program and one-year clinical internship recognized by the National Council for Tibb. In comparison with academic institutions in other Asian countries, Pakistani universities are not very well-represented in standard international university rankings. It has the world's second-largest Muslim population.It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). Islamiyat (Islamic studies) is a core subject up through lower-secondary school and is seen as critical to the inculcation of Islamic values in both personal development and the formation of a national identity. Many elementary schools in Pakistan suffer severely from a lack of quality including in terms of infrastructure. That said, most international madrasah students come from neighboring Afghanistan as well. Pakistan has one of the largest youth population’s in the world. Among the factors driving this growth are the shortcomings of the public school system, particularly the lack of schools in rural areas, and the influx of Afghan and other refugees, which are often excluded from Pakistan’s formal education system. PhDs produced in Pakistan since 1947 From 1947 to 2014, Pakistan’s higher education institutes (HEIs) produced 11,988 PhDs. Population of Pakistan increasing day by day and has bad effects on our education system/standards. total population) of Pakistan. About 68 percent of students at the lower-secondary level and 88 percent at the upper-secondary level attended public schools in 2017. Relying on affiliated colleges to teach degree programs affords universities a comparatively easy and cost-effective way to scale up capacity, especially in remote areas. Pakistan (previously, Federal) Bureau of Statistics (PBS) has ... report was produced within the ambit of a project initiative. The causes of these gender disparities are numerous. Admission to secondary education requires completion of middle school (grade 8) as well as a passing score on provincial grade 8 examinations, depending on the jurisdiction. Following are short profiles of the new credit system, the most common grading scale, and the primary benchmark credentials of the current system. Like other colleges, community colleges are teaching institutions affiliated with a DAI, but they are designed to offer more applied programs that lead to employment-geared associate degrees. The recent population of Pakistan is 186 millions. Meaning and Definition of Population Education 2. Prominent Pakistani academic Pervez Hoodbhoy, for instance, noted that it isn’t feasible to teach students in remote rural regions like the federally administered tribal areas the same curriculum taught in rich urban neighborhoods in Karachi. To improve this situation, a process to develop a National Vocational Qualification Framework (NVQF) was initiated in 2009 in collaboration with and funded by the European Union (EU) and the governments of the Netherlands, Norway, and, perhaps foremost, Germany, with its internationally recognized TVET system. TVET in Pakistan is provided in various forms, from informal industry-based apprenticeship programs to secondary-level skills certificate and diploma programs of one or two years… Thailand [Population education in countries of the region]. Certification in medical specialties requires another three to five years of clinical studies, depending on the specialty. The government of Prime Minster Imran Khan seeks to reduce the fragmentation and inequalities of Pakistan’s school system and create a modernized “uniform education system.” A National Curriculum Committee (NCC) has been tasked with coordinating standards between provinces and developing a Single National Curriculum (SNC) for school education—a project scheduled to be completed by October 2020 for grades 1 to 8, by December 2021 for grades 9 and 10, and by December 2022 for grades 11 and 12. The University of the Punjab has five campuses, more than 70 departments, and about 46,000 on-campus students. To become affiliated with a BISE, schools need to meet certain quality criteria set by the individual boards. According to Human Rights Watch, 32 percent of girls of elementary school age are out of school, compared with 21 percent of boys. Current lists of recognized universities, campuses, authorized transnational providers and programs, as well as illegally operating institutions are available here. 2. The four Pakistani HEIs among the top 1,000 in the current Shanghai Ranking are COMSATS in the 501–600 band, and Quaid-i-Azam University, the University of Agriculture Faisalabad, and the University of the Punjab in the 801–990 band. This move, while placing decision-making and funding into the hands of those with a greater understanding of local needs, has also created a fragmented system that lacks coordination and has produced uneven educational outcomes in different provinces. In Pakistan, school education is suffering due to many reasons. According to the 2017 Population Census, 36.4 percent of the population lives in urban areas. Pakistan Urban Population Currently, 34.9 % of the population of Pakistan is urban (75,510,639 people in 2019) Population Density. Given the complex and historically autonomous nature of religious education in the country, however, only time will tell if these reforms will take hold. Increased political and economic cooperation between Pakistan and China and Chinese scholarship funding likely play a significant role as well. List of Education Project Topics & Materials PDF & Doc. Of note, Pakistan also has an extensive system of madrasahs, or religious seminaries, which has grown explosively over the past decades, particularly in rural areas. The 2020 QS Rankings feature the Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (375), NUST (400), Quaid-i-Azam University (511–520), the Lahore University of Management Sciences (701–750), as well as COMSATS, the University of Engineering and Technology, and the University of the Punjab, all in the 801–1000 band. Beyond its capacity shortages, the TVET sector has historically been marred by a lack of national coordination, quality problems, and outdated curricula that fail to adequately serve the needs of the labor market. One credit hour is equivalent to 50 minutes of classroom instruction each week throughout a semester of 16 to 18 weeks’ duration. One of the formidable problems which stare us in the faces, is our rapid increasing population, which offsets every endeavour for development. USA.gov. Some 35 percent of all pupils in elementary schools are enrolled in private schools, according to official statistics. Afghanistan as well and predominantly in rural areas, regional languages are used well. Universities did not have any professors who held doctoral qualifications largest Cities in Pakistan # CITY NAME this is! International madrasah students come from neighboring Afghanistan as well as illegally operating institutions are available here 3.0. 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